There seems to be an obsession today with a revived Roman Empire among most Christians and Bible scholars. I believe Scripture has a different story to tell, in fact, one that meshes with the current trend we see of Islamic migration to every part of the world. Daniel’s Book is being unsealed [12:4] and an important question surfacing on the minds of many who study Bible Prophecy is will the revived kingdom really be Rome? Let’s examine some of the Scriptural evidence beginning in the Book of Revelation.
And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore. Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names. And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast;
[Revelation 13:1-3 NASB]
The beast rising out of the sea is the Antichrist and his kingdom as well as a religious system. His kingdom is described as a composite of three previous kingdoms. These kingdoms are Greece – described as a leopard [Dan 7:6], Medo-Persia – described as a bear [Dan 7:5] and Babylon – described as a lion [Dan 7:4]. The Antichrist’s kingdom will consist of a composite of the kingdoms of Greece, Medo-Persia and Babylon. You might be thinking that the inclusion of Greece in the composite kingdom of the Antichrist leaves the door open for a European Antichrist. Consider this: the Greek Empire is described in Daniel as being the middle and two thighs of bronze of the statue in King Nebuchadnezzar’s dream [Dan 2:32, 39]. The middle is Greece at its height in the days of Alexander while the thighs represent the kings of the north and the south, both of whom came out of the broken Greek Empire. Greece was split into four kingdoms upon the death of Alexander the Great. They were Macedonia, Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt [Dan 8:8, 8:22; 7:6]. Two of the kingdoms located in the Middle-East went on to war with one another for almost 200 years. These were the kings of the north and south [Dan 11:1-35]. The king of the South is Ptolemy and his progeny. The king of the North is Seleucid and his progeny. I believe Daniel is keeping our attention in the Middle-East by following the action of these two kingdoms in order to give us the the geographic location of the Antichrist’s future kingdom.
All roads do not lead to Rome. The ten horns of the beast represent ten powers in the final beast kingdom. It is the seven heads, however, that are relevant to this discussion. What do they represent? Thankfully, John tells us.
“Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits, and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. “The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction.
[Revelation 17:9-11 NASB]
The seven heads are seven mountains and are also seven kings. These represent kingdoms as well because a king can’t be a king without one. They are also kingships in that they transcend generations. King, kingdom and kingship can be used interchangeably in this prophecy. History attests to this. It is generally agreed upon for Scriptural reasons that the seven kingdoms, or world empires, written about are:
- The Antichrist’s Future Kingdom
The 8th king, the Antichrist, will be ruler of the revived kingdom after he steps up to claim it [Dan 7:7-8, 7:23-24].
That’s why he is an 8th king.
John then goes on to say that five have fallen:
This was the king/kingdom in power at the time of John’s writing.
The other has not yet come:
7. The Antichrist’s Future Kingdom
John has just verified that Rome is indeed one of the seven heads or kingdoms. But, is it the kingdom that is to be revived? Let’s skip back to verse eight to find the answer. John writes in Revelation 17:8 that the beast, or the Antichrist, was and is not now.
“The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.
[Revelation 17:8 NASB]
The kingdom in power at the time of John’s writing was Rome. Since John tells us the beast was and is not, we can remove Rome from the list. John is saying that the revived kingdom will not be Rome. It will be one of the previous five – a kingdom that was. I can’t highlight this enough so here it is again: the kingdom that was will come again, not the one that is at the time of John’s writing. He uses the same sort of language to tell us again in Revelation 17:11.
“The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction.
[Revelation 17:11 NASB]
Again, the kingdom which was in power at this time was Rome. John has just told us that the kingdom that is to be revived existed before Rome. Therefore, Rome cannot be the revived kingdom. Let me take you through this section of Scripture again, carefully, verse by verse.
Revelation 17:8-11 NASB  “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come.
The beast is the future Antichristian king, kingdom, kingship. John says it was, meaning before the time of his writing. He says it is not, meaning it does not exist at the time of his writing. And finally he says it is about to reappear and go to destruction. John then reiterates that the beast was, is not and is to come in verse eight.
 “Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits,  and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while.
The seven heads are seven kings. Five have fallen before the time of John’s writing. They are the kings of Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia and Greece. Remember, these also represent kingdoms (because a king can’t be a king without one) and kingships as well. The one that existed during the time of John’s writing was Rome. This is the one that is. The other that has not yet come is the future Antichrist’s kingdom.
 “The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction.
Here again, the beast that was and is not is the future Antichrist and his kingdom. which existed before the Roman Empire. It is also an 8th kingdom because of the numerical succession of its appearance. This means that the Antichrist will appear after the 7th kingdom is already created. Now, you may be thinking, if the 7th kingdom is the Antichrist’s kingdom, how can he appear after it and rule an 8th kingdom? Scripture tells us the 7th kingdom will be in power before the Antichrist steps up to rule it [Dan 7:7-8, 7:23-24]. This is what marks the difference between the 7th and the 8th kingdoms. He will make this existing kingdom his own therefore making it an 8th. In fact, he will make it his own so much so that he will hate the harlot, the false religious system that allowed him to become the world ruler, and destroy her [Rev 17:12, 16-18].
John is telling us, in the book of Revelation, that the Antichrist’s future kingdom will be one of the five kingdoms previous to Rome. Therefore, it cannot be Rome. What this means is that “Babylon”, as it is used in Revelation 18, is not a metaphor for Rome but a geographic clue to the location of the Antichrist’s future kingdom. Rome is in Europe, not the Middle East. This also means that “Babylon” is not being used as a metaphor for anything that did not exist before the time of Rome. This would include both the United States and the Vatican, two popular choices for the beast. Neither of these existed before Rome, which is a prerequisite for the final kingdom.
I believe Scripture’s use of “Babylon” in describing the final beast kingdom is a reference to its geographic location. Currently, the Middle East is dominated by Islam. Considering it is the policy of Islam to convert or kill, it is extremely unlikely that a European atheist will rule from it in the future. But, don’t take my word for it. I encourage you to identify for yourself the true, revived kingdom of the Antichrist.
© P2ALM 2011